Archive for September 16th, 2010

Today is Wednesday, September 16th, the 265th day of 2010. There are 100 days left in the year.

Highlights in history on this date:

1499 – Turks ravage Vicenza in Italy.

1550 – Holy Roman Empire fleet captures vessel Port of Africa at Mehedia in Tunis, naval headquarters of Turkish corsair Dragut.

1609 – The king of Spain orders the deportation of the baptized former Muslims known as Moriscos.

1711 – Rio de Janeiro is captured by the French.

1792 – French Republic is proclaimed and revolutionary calendar goes into effect.

1862 – U.S. President Abraham Lincoln issues the Emancipation Proclamation, declaring all slaves in the Confederate States free as of Jan. 1, 1863.

1914 – A German submarine sinks three British cruisers in one hour off the Dutch coast; the German cruiser Emden shells Madras in India.

1927 – Slavery is abolished in Sierra Leone in Africa.

1940 – The Vichy French governor-general concludes an agreement that makes Indochina the largest Japanese military staging ground in southeast Asia.

1949 – The Soviet Union explodes its first atomic bomb.

1955 – Hurricane Janet, the most violent Caribbean hurricane of the season, causes almost 600 deaths around the islands.

1960 – A U.S. Marine Corps DC-6 plane en route from Japan to the Philippines crashes in the ocean 290 kilometers (180 miles) south of Okinawa. All 29 passengers are killed.

1965 – A cease-fire is declared in the war between India and Pakistan, but both sides subsequently violate it.

1970 – Arab chiefs of state send envoys to meet with King Hussein and Yasser Arafat to persuade them to find a way to contain the fighting between the Jordanian Army and Palestinian guerrillas.

1974 – Official death toll in hurricane that swept Honduras is put at 5,000.

1975 – Sara Jane Moore fails in an attempt to shoot U.S. President Gerald Ford outside a San Francisco hotel.

1980 – Iraqi tanks enter Iran, marking the beginning of the Iran-Iraq War as a full-scale conflict.

1986 – Two hijackers seize Soviet airliner at Ural Mountains airport and kill two passengers before security agents recapture plane and shoot the hijackers.

1988 – The government of Canada apologizes for the World War II internment of Japanese-Canadians and promises compensation.

1989 – F. W. De Klerk takes over as president of South Africa.

1990 – Jordan’s King Hussein appeals to United States in televised message to withdraw its troops from Saudi Arabia to avert “death, destruction and misery.”

1992 – Azerbaijani-armed forces mount an offensive against the disputed enclave Nagorno-Karabakh.

1993 – Abkhazian rebels in Georgia shoot down second passenger plane in two days, killing 80.

1994 – NATO aircraft strike at Serbian targets near Sarajevo after U.N. troops patrolling the city came under machine-gun and rocket fire.

1995 – America’s Time Warner Inc. and Turner Broadcasting System Inc. announce a merger with Time Warner purchasing TBS in a deal valued at $7.5 billion, creating the world’s largest media company.

1996 – Typhoon Violet veers into the North Pacific after killing seven and setting off landslides that paralyzed transportation in Japan.

1997 – U.S. President Bill Clinton, speaking at the United Nations, announces he will submit to the Senate a treaty banning all nuclear explosions.

1998 – Troops from South Africa and Botswana cross into Lesotho and storm the royal palace, touching off a gunbattle with protesters.

1999 – Dutch journalist Sander Thoenes is killed and two others assaulted in separate attacks in East Timor blamed on anti-independence militiamen.

2001 – Pope John Paul II visits Kazakhstan and Armenia and cautions against allowing Sept. 11 terrorist attacks on the United States to create divisions between Muslims and Christians.

2004 – The U.S. military drops an espionage charge against a Muslim interpreter accused of spying at the camp for terror detainees at the U.S. military base in Guantanamo Bay, Cuba. It is the third Guantanamo spy case of the year to fall apart.

2005 – Bosnia’s top international official orders the Bosnian Serb Finance Minister to identify the origins of illegal payments made to the Serb Democratic Party after the party’s bank accounts were frozen because of fraud.

2006 – Pope Benedict XVI invites Muslim envoys to meet with him at his summer residence for what the Holy See says is urgently needed dialogue following a crisis ignited by his remarks on Islam and violence.

2007 – Monks leading swelling demonstrations against Myanmar’s military regime march past barricades to the home of Nobel Peace laureate Aung San Suu Kyi, increasing pressure on the junta.

2008 _ The first excavation of Stonehenge in more than 40 years has uncovered evidence that the stone circle drew ailing pilgrims from around Europe for what they believed to be its healing properties, archaeologists say.

2009 – Al-Qaida releases a new 106-minute long video predicting President Barack Obama’s downfall at the hands of the Muslim world to mark the 8th anniversary of the Sept. 11, 2001 attacks against the U.S.

Today’s Birthdays:

Michael Faraday, British physicist (1791-1862); Caroline Astor, U.S. aristocrat of New York high society (1830-1908); Erich von Stroheim, German director and actor (1885-1957); Louis Botha, South African soldier-statesman (1862-1919); John Houseman, U.S. stage/radio actor (1902-1988); Fay Weldon, British writer (1931–); Joan Jett, U.S. rock singer (1960–).

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